Strong population growth through the 1990s was a result of immigration to the city, and has driven a rapid modernization of the infrastructure.Located on the Gulf of Antalya on the Anatolian coastal plain of Pamphylia, the town is situated between the Taurus Mountains to the north and the Mediterranean Sea, and is part of the Turkish riviera, occupying roughly 70 kilometres (43 mi) of coastline.
Lusignans from Cyprus briefly overturned the then ruling Hamidid dynasty in 1371.The Karamanids sold the city in 1427 for 5,000 gold coins to the Mamluks of Egypt for a period before General Gedik Ahmed Pasha in 1471 incorporated it into the growing Ottoman Empire.Coracesium was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Side, the capital of the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima, to which Coracesium belonged.It continued to be mentioned in the Notitiae Episcopatuum as late as the 12th or 13th century.With the spread of Christianity Coracesium, as it was called, became a bishopric.
Its bishop Theodulus took part in the First Council of Constantinople in 381, Matidianus in the Council of Ephesus in 431, Obrimus in the Council of Chalcedon in 451, and Nicephorus (Nicetas) in the Third Council of Constantinople in 680.
East of the city, the Dim River flows from the mountains in Konya on a south-west route into the Mediterranean.
The Pamphylia plain between the sea and the mountains is an isolated example of an Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forest, which include Lebanon Cedar, evergreen scrub, fig trees, and black pine.
The harbor, city center, and Keykubat Beach, named after the Sultan Kayqubad I, are on the east side of the peninsula.
Damlataş Beach, named for the famous "dripping caves", and Kleopatra Beach are to the west.
The Alanya Massif refers to the area of metamorphic rocks east of Antalya.