Thus much of the finest African art and primitive "tribal art" as well as aboriginal "Oceanic art" from the Paleolithic world, are already lost to us.
Meanwhile, in Australia, the Bradshaw Paintings (c.15,500 BCE) appeared, along with a wide variety of pictographs and petroglyphs made by the aboriginal creators of Ubirr Rock Art in Arnhem Land, Kimberley Rock Art in northern Australia and Burrup Peninsula Rock Art in the Pilbara.Meanwhile Japanese art emerged in the form of ancient Jomon Pottery (from 14,500 BCE).Sadly, none of the prehistoric rock carvers, sculptors or painters are known to us, so their works will have to speak for themselves!Also, any compilation of ancient art is limited by the hand of nature: after all, over hundreds of millennia, soft rock crumbles, pigments disappear, and wood perishes.Nearby hand stencils were dated to about 37,000 BCE. The oldest art in Asia and the world's oldest hand stencil. Upper Paleolithic (40,000-8,000 BCE) The major period of early fine art, exemplified by portable art like the Venus Figurines, bas-relief sculpture and the polychrome cave paintings and engravings of Lascaux and Altamira. Neanderthal man replaced by anatomically modern man, like Cro-Magnon Man.
CHRONOLOGY OF THE UPPER PALEOLITHIC Aurignacian Art (40,000-25,000 BCE) Gravettian Art (25,000-20,000 BCE) Solutrean Art (20,000-15,000 BCE) Magdalenian Art (15,000-10,000 BCE) The Magdalenian period witnessed the apogee of Franco-Cantabrian cave art, with the Lascaux cave paintings and the Altamira cave paintings setting awesome standards of colouring and composition.Instead of fine art, European artists and architects focus on tomb-building using large megaliths adorned with carvings, engravings and other types of megalithic art.The Stone Age ends with the close of the Neolithic.The peat had helped to preserve the wooden image from decay.7. Venus of Hohle Fels (c.38,000-33,000 BCE) Ivory sculpture of an obese female.El Castillo Cave Paintings (Red Disk) (c.39,000 BCE) Recent Uranium/Thorium (U/Th) dating techniques show that a large red-ocre dot or disk in this Cantabrian cave was painted at least as early as 39,000 BCE, making it the world's oldest cave painting yet found. Sulawesi Cave Art (c.37,900 BCE) Cave paintings of hand stencils and animals at the Leang Timpuseng Cave. Lion Man of the Hohlenstein Stadel (38,000 BCE) This ivory carving of a human figure with alion's head, unearthed in a cave inside Hohlenstein Mountain of the Swabian Jura, is the oldest known anthropomorphic carving in the world, and the oldest piece of sculpture of the Upper Paleolithic. The oldest of the Venus figurines that appeared in Europe during the Upper Paleolithic. Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany.This relies on the fact that a number of radioactive isotopes (like uranium) are known to decay into daughter products at a known constant rate.